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Restoration - Northern Transylvania, 1940

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Restoration - Northern Transylvania, 1940
Category: Exhibitions | October 25, 2010 | 4180 views | Duration: 1:20:55

In 1940, by the decision of the Axis powers, primarily the Hitler-led Germany, Northern Transylvania including Székelyföld was restored to Hungary. This was an area of approximately 43 thousand square kilometers, about two fifths of the one-time Hungarian territories awarded to Romania by the Treaty of Trianon. The Second Vienna Award fundamentally influenced the two countries'' role in World War II, and has been a source of tensions and unresolved traumas in the memories of both nations ever since.

The purpose of the exhibition was to present the contemporary reception of the restoration of Northern Transylvania from Romania to Hungary: the reactions to the act in both countries as well as its longer term consequences. Using contemporary archival documents, press clippings, Hungarian and Romanian propaganda material, personal memoirs and diaries, radio broadcasts and hitherto unseen amateur photographs and footage, the exhibition focuses on how these historical changes influenced people''s lives. The exhibition did not indulge in any kind of nationalistic sentiment but tried to highlight the real events behind the official propaganda and illusions; the zeal and despair, and the tragic moments on both sides.

The core of the exhibit was an 80 minutes long film-, voice- and photomontage created from contemporary documents and texts that were presented by Hungarian actors, Patricia Kovács, Gábor Csöre and Máté Mészáros. The exhibition was a cooperative effort of Hungarian and Romanian historians. The curators were Béni L. Balogh, András Mink and Ottmar Trasca. The film was edited wuith the help of Miklós Tamási, Anna Kövecsi and Zoltán Krizbai. Hereby, OSATV makes the filmmontage public to the audience with the kind permission of those institutions -- archives, libraries and museums -- which took part in the compilation of this exhibit. The opening speech of Hungarian writer Pál Závada is also available here. The language of both items is Hungarian.

Keywords: restoration

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