The system of forced labor camps was established in the first years of the Communist regime in the Soviet Union. It became essential part of the Soviet repressive system. The Communist takeovers in the Eastern and Central Europe during the World War II led to mass arrests of non-Communist politicians and people identified as class-enemies. Many of them were sentenced to forced labor camps. In 1952 the International League for the Rights of Man was able to document the existence of more than 400 forced labor camps in Central and Eastern Europe.     Here you can find highlihts of the Open Society Archives hodings related to the Gulag and other forced labor camps.

    The work is still in progress. For further information please see Forced Labor Reference Information Paper or send email to

Original web site for the Gulag exhibition is


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