OSA / Guide / RIP / Raoul Wallenberg


The literature on the Holocaust in general and Raoul Wallenberg in particular is enormous, and it may be difficult to know which works are the most relevant and reliable. What follows below is a limited selection of books, articles and other works which present the historical context within which Wallenberg carried out his mission, and which deal with his life, work and fate. The romantically mythical texts about him have been carefully avoided.

Compiled September 2005 by Katalin Dobo and Anna Svenson.

1. Books, book chapters

Forgacs, Gabor, text and illustration: Christmas of Raoul Wallenberg, Budapest 1944 = Raoul Wallenberg karacsonya, Budapest, 1944
Budapest: Kolor Optika Bt., 2004. 90 p.
Publication of the manuscript "Der Schutzpass in der Kunstgeschichte", a Christmas gift of Lilla Boros, Kenedi Andras, Laszlo Sulner, Gabor Forgacs, Pal Forgacs, and Peter Sugar to Raoul Wallenberg in 1944. Available from OSA Library.

Ett diplomatiskt misslyckande. Fallet Wallenberg och den svenska utrikesledningen. SOU 2003:18
http://www.regeringen.se/sb/d/1475: Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Department for Central and Eastern Europe, Stockholm, 2003. 211 p.
A diplomatic failure. The Wallenberg case and the leadership of Swedish foreigh policy. With summary in English. Appendix 6 contains a scrupulously detailed list of archival material found in the Ministry for Foreign Affairs.

Korey, William: The Wallenberg mystery, fifty-five years later
New York: American Jewish Committee, 2000. 58 p.

Szekeres, Jozsef: A pesti gettok 1945. januari megmentese
Budapest: Budapest City Archives, 1997
Saving the Budapest ghetto in January 1945.

Levine, Paul A.: From indifference to activism. Swedish diplomacy and the Holocaust 1938-1944
Uppsala ; Stockholm: Uppsala University Library ; Elander Gotab, 1996. 309 p. [Revised and enlarged edition of a PhD dissertation.]

Anger, Per: With Raoul Wallenberg in Budapest
Washington: Holocaust Library, 1996. 208 p.
Memories of the war years in Hungary. Foreword by Tom Lantos.

Komoroczy, Geza, editor: Raoul Wallenberg
In: Jewish Budapest. Monuments, rites, history
Budapest: Central European University Press, 1995. pp. 398-401.
Wallenberg in Budapest, between July 9, 1944-January 14, 1945. Detailed information on his operations, including the addresses of protected houses.

Wallenberg, Raoul: Letters and dispatches 1924-1944
New York: Arcade Publishing, 1995. 286 p.
Translated from Swedish by Kjersti Board.

Bondor, Vilmos: A Miko-rejtely. Miko Zoltan es Raoul Wallenberg kapcsolata a magyar ellenallasban 1944-1945
Budapest: Puski, 1995. 192 p.
The Miko enigma. The contacts between Zoltan Miko and Raoul Wallenberg in the Hungarian resistance 1944-1945.

Bierman, John: Righteous gentile. The story of Raoul Wallenberg, missing hero of the Holocaust
London ; New York: Penguin Books, 1995. 220 p.

Berg, Lars G.: The book that disappeared. What happened in Budapest
New York ; Los Angeles: Vantage Press, 1990. 249 p.
Memories of a colleague of Wallenberg.

Wiesenthal, Simon: Justice not vengeance
London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 1989. 372 p.
Translated from German by Ewald Osers.

Koblik, Steven: The stones cry out. Sweden's response to the persecution of the Jews 1933-1945
New York: Holocaust Library, 1988. 305 p.

Levy, Alan: Nazi hunter. The Wiesenthal file
London ; New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers. 464 p.

2. Studies, articles

Panel seeks closure in Raoul Wallenberg murder
Russian Life
2001, March-April. pp. 8-9.
Russia's proof that Wallenberg was shot in a Ministry of State Security prison.

Wallenberg Panel says Sweden should have pressed Moscow more
New York Times
2001, January 13. p. A3
Focuses on the remarks about the Swedish government given by the investigators studying the fate of Raoul Wallenberg. Available from OSA Library.

Wines, Michael: Ukrainian says he arrested Wallenberg
New York Times
2000, October 22. p. 9
Reports on the claim by Ukrainian Bogdan Tarnavsky that he was the World War II fighter who arrested Wallenberg. Available from OSA Library.

The truth about a hero's death
New York Times
2000, November 29. p. A34
Editorial. Reveals the fate of Wallenberg. Claims of the Soviet officials. Results of an investigation by Aleksandr Yakovlev, chairman of the Kremlin commission investigating the case. Available from OSA Library.

Russia concedes a point on Wallenberg's fate
New York Times
2000, July 27. p. A3
Remarks from Ambassador Jan Lundvik, a Swedish diplomat responsible for the Swedish side of a joint investigation with the Russians into Wallenberg's fate. Claim of former Soviet officials that Wallenberg died of a heart attack. Available from OSA Library.

Tavernise, Sabrina: Russia tells a bit more about Wallenberg's fate
New York Times
2000, December 23. p. A10
Reports on the admission of Russia that Soviet Union authorities have wrongfully imprisoned Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg in World War II. Death of Wallenberg in a Soviet prison; Speculation on the cause of Wallenberg's death; Failure of Russian authorities to clarify the events surrounding Wallenberg's imprisonment and death. Available from OSA Library.

Panel says Wallenberg was shot in Moscow
Christian Century
2000, December 13. pp. 1, 3
Investigates the death of Wallenberg in Moscow in July 1947. Importance of documentary proof to determine the authenticity surrounding his death.

Fenyvesi, Charles ; Pope, Victoria: The angel was a spy
U.S. News & World Report
1996, May 13. p. 46
Uncovers new evidence that Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg was a spy for the United States during World War II.

Korey, William: Wallenberg and the undelivered letter
Christian Science Monitor
1995, August 28. p. 19
Opinion. Comments on an undelivered letter written by Thomas R. Pickering to Secretary of State Henry Kissinger in August 1973. Information on Wallenberg's mission to Hungary. KGB's classification of documents on the Wallenberg case. Conferring of the title of `Honorary Citizen' on Wallenberg.

Fenyvesi, Charles: New clue
U.S. News & World Report
1994, July 11. p. 24
Speculation that he might have been among the foreigners held and then killed at Butyrka, a KGB prison.

Korey, William: The case of Raoul Wallenberg
Freedom Review
1994, August. p. 41
Moscow archival official Rudolf Pikhoya's disclosure of KGB's continuing policy of deception.

Carlback-Isotalo, Helene: Glasnost and the opening up of Soviet archives. Time to conclude the Wallenberg case;
Scandinavian Journal of History
1992, Vol. 14, No. 3. pp. 175-203.

Fein, E. B.: Soviets admit mistake in Wallenberg arrest
New York Times
1989, October 17. p. A1
Soviet authorities, admitting that the arrest of Raoul Wallenberg in January 1945 was a `tragic mistake,' have given back some of the personal belongings to the family. Available from OSA Library.

Fenyvesi, C.: Dramatic gesture
U.S. News & World Report
1989, October 16. pp. 1, 9
Reports on the planned Moscow visit of the surviving relatives of Raoul Wallenberg.

Wallenberg still alive?
Christian Century
1989, November 8. pp. 1009-1011.
Reports the return of belongings of Wallenberg to his family. He supposedly died of a heart attack in Lubyanka prison in the Soviet Union.

Stanglin, D. ; Zuckerman, M. D.: A lost prisoner of the gulag still holds Moscow hostage
U.S. News & World Report
1989, June 26. pp. 34-36.
Mystery surrounding his disappearance on Jan. 17, 1945.

Marton, Kati: The Wallenberg mystery
Atlantic Monthly
1980, November. pp. 33-41.
Focuses on the mystery following the disappearance of Wallenberg in Budapest.

3. Online resources

Raoul Wallenberg - Redovisning fran den ryska sidan av arbetsgruppen
http://www.regeringen.se/sb/d/108/a/41130: Regeringskansliet / Government Offices of Sweden, 2001. PDF 165 kB
Report of the Russian side of the joint Russian-Swedish working group for determining the Fate of Raoul Wallenberg, which was duly set up in 1991.

Raoul Wallenberg - Redovisning fran den sven-ryska arbetsgruppen
http://www.regeringen.se/sb/d/108/a/41139: Regeringskansliet / Government Offices of Sweden, 2000. PDF 522 kB
Report of the joint Russian-Swedish working group for determining the Fate of Raoul Wallenberg. The Working Group was given access to the former Soviet archive systems and had the opportunity to talk to former members of the Soviet security organs.

Muller, Jan Emil, design: Raoul
http://wallenberginstitute.org/page2.html: The Raoul Wallenberg Humanitarian Institute. Poster.

Raoul Wallenberg Permanent Exhibition
http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/pages/t083/t08333.html: The Simon Wiesenthal Center, Los Angeles, Cal.. Online exhibition.
A comprehensive resource on the Holocaust and World War II, with over 3,000 text files, and thousands of photos.

4. Film and video

Harel, David ; Wayne, Aaron, directors: Raoul Wallenberg: Buried Alive
Direct Cinema Limited, 1984. Black and white film.
The footage of ghetto pogroms and the enforced death marches are interwoven with interviews with survivors who owe their lives to Wallenberg, and those who have reported seeing him alive.

Kimmel, Robert L., executive producer: Searching for Wallenberg
Intrepid Documentaries, Inc. in association with the Wallenberg Committee of the United States
Both a historical documentary and a revealing investigation, this film contains newly discovered archival material and exclusive interviews with witnesses from the former U.S.S.R. who claim to have seen Wallenberg in the Soviet Gulag years after the Soviets officially declared him dead.


Raoul Wallenberg, Life and Work

  • Personal data
  • Hungary - the last chapter of the Holocaust
  • The Wallenberg mission
  • Arrest and imprisonment
  • Objects in the archive

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